(Image of Syrian ID card with Mussawi stamp.). The city of Aleppo has had many names. For nearly 1000 years scholars studied the work and guarded it closely. Violence at Alliance Universelle Israelite, Syrian Jews in Brooklyn Raise Their Voices. The Dayans, leaders of the Aleppan community of Mustabarim, migrated to Aleppo by the fifteenth century. It became the version of the Hebrew Bible that was ultimately considered the most authoritative text in Judaism. Jews can leave Syria after the payment of a ransom, and begin escaping to Turkey with the help of Israeli agents. By the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. The Aleppo Codex, a volume of parchment folios written in Tiberius circa 930 C.E., is considered the most accurate text of the Hebrew Bible. Sign up for history bites, monthly updates, and news about upcoming events at the Sephardic Heritage Museum. author of The Price of Altruism, “Friedman’s writing shines most when he resurrects a time and a place now vanished…We read The Aleppo Codex expecting to be educated about a book lost, but we are captivated by a world lost instead.”, “The Aleppo Codex is one of the books that is a struggle to classify. A ‘week of solidarity’ with Syrian Jews is declared in Israel, Paris, and London. Most people thought it was destroyed in a riot in 1947, but it had been secretly hidden. Main The Aleppo Codex- A True Story of Obsession, Faith, and the Pursuit of an Ancient Bible. . Closeup of Aleppo Codex, Joshua 1:1 Page from Aleppo Codex, Deuteronomy. A carefully paced narrative of purloined Judaica.”, “The Aleppo Codex is part historical exposé, part international thriller, and part meditation on the passions awakened by religion and religious artifacts…superbly written.”, “Friedman’s account of how the Codex was taken from Syria in the 1940s, later to resurface in Jerusalem, although no longer complete, is full of betrayals, controversy and surprises — and raises larger questions about the ownership and preservation of historical treasures.”, “The Aleppo Codex builds to a moral crescendo more impressive than the climactic fight scene in any thriller.”, “Friedman’s painstaking investigation of just what happened to the Aleppo codex—and when—is a fascinating account of the role of sacred relics in creating a national identity, and also of the lure of old and treasured objects.”, “Thrilling . In order to understand the origin of this decay these margins have been analysed by applying EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate plastic embedded with strong cation and anion exchangers and mixed with C 8 and C 18 hydrophobic resins) diskettes for harvesting surface material. The Aleppo Codex considers little about the manuscript as manuscript. Ben Asher wrote a standard codex (the Aleppo Codex) embodying his opinions. It's fascinating and addresses these questions in more detail than any other source. The Keter Aram Soba is likely written sometime around this year. … A highly readable, deeply engaging, balanced and nuanced pursuit of the facts.”, “[A] relentlessly researched and gripping thriller.”, “Matti Friedman is a stunningly talented writer, a once-in-a-generation discovery. The Council for the Rescue of Syrian Jews (CRSJ) is formed. Jewish bank accounts are seized in Syria, property is frozen, and a synagogue is bombed. It was kept safe through one upheaval after another in the Middle East, and by the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. The Aleppo Codex (Hebrew: כֶּתֶר אֲרָם צוֹבָא ‎ Keter Aram Tzova or Crown of Aleppo) is a medieval bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.The codex was written in the city of Tiberias in the 10th century C.E. In this book, Matti Friedman carefully outlines the epic journey of The Crown of Aleppo, the most perfect copy of the Jewish Torah. The consonants in the codex were copied by the scribe Shlomo ben Buya'a in Palestine circa 920. Aleppo’s Bet Nasi synagogue is constructed. What it reveals are uncomfortable truths about greed, state cover-ups, and the fascinating role of historical treasures in creating a national identity. I did not put it down until I had finished it at the crack of dawn. The Aleppo Codex is a book, one of the most important on earth. Textbooks. “The Aleppo Codex is one of the books that is a struggle to classify. Aleppo Codex Earliest Complete Manuscript of the Bible by Sarina Roffé . Rabbi Shemuel Laniado becomes the first of his family to be appointed chief rabbi. Winner of the American Library Association’s 2013 Sophie Brody Medal, Winner of the 2013 Canadian Jewish Book Award for history, One of Booklist’s top ten religion books of the year, 2013, Finalist, Religion Newswriters Association award for best religion book of 2013. He wrote an article on the Crown, but soon found out he had only seen the tip of the iceberg, and that most of his information was false. The lives of the Jews of Syria are further restricted, and many escape to Lebanon. The remaining pages of the Keter Aram Soba are smuggled out of Aleppo by Mr. Murad Faham. It’s a tale that involves secret agents, pious clergymen, obsessive antiquities collectors, and highly placed national figures who, as it turns out, would do anything to get their hands on an ancient book. . . The Aleppo Codex used to be the oldest complete Hebrew manuscript of the Hebrew Scriptures, but sadly a significant portion of it has been lost to us today. The Aleppo Codex (Hebrew: כֶּתֶר אֲרָם צוֹבָא ‎ Keter Aram Tzova or Crown of Aleppo) is a medieval bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible. Absolutely riveting!”, —Oren Harman Answer: The Aleppo Codex is an ancient, bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible, written by scribes called Masoretes in Tiberias, Israel, around AD 930. I wrote a book about this book. Friedman has unearthed documents kept secret for fifty years, interviewed key players from around the world, and followed the trail of the missing pages up to the present, including the charged four-year court battle to determine the codex’s rightful owners. Jews are prohibited from traveling more than 3 miles from their hometowns. 1,300 Jewish children leave Syria for Israel. . Alyssa Roat Contributing Writer. It could also be read as a history of the Jewish people, or as a meditation on history and myth. The margins of several pages of the Aleppo codex have been found to be corroded and contaminated by diffuse maculae. Murad’s wife, Sarina, hides the codex until their arrival in Israel, where it is presented to President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi in 1958. under the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate, [1] and was endorsed for its accuracy by Maimonides. The Mahzor Aram Soba is published, preserving the unique liturgy of the Mustarabi community. Arab mobs riot and set fire to Jewish synagogues, establishments, institutions and homes in response to the UN plan to partition Palestine. The scribes who wrote the Aleppo Codex may have abraded erroneous instances of the Tetragrammaton in order to create a model codex. These things seemed clear to me, yet when my deadline passed and I finally looked up to find myself staring into the dead electronic eye of the Kindle Fire, I saw that the meaning of "book" had been altered and that I had just spent these years of revolution engrossed in a mirror image of the present. The Syrian Jews of Brooklyn say special prayers, and rabbis and political leaders in New York hold rally in support of on behalf of Jews in Syria. Scribes in the isolated Jewish community of Kaifeng, who erased erroneous instances of the Tetragrammaton, may not have been familiar with rabbinic strictures. Friedman has done a remarkable job—finding sources and digging through archives—of getting the Crown’s fascinating story out of the shadows and into the light. The Keter Aram Soba (Aleppo Codex) had been kept in the Great Synagogue for centuries. Because of Ben Asher’s authority, the Codex was considered from the beginning to be the most precise version of the Bible. The Crown was inscribed in 930 AD by the scholar Aaron Ben-Asher and is thought to be the copy used by Maimonides, one of the great medieval Jewish philosophers. The Aleppo Codex is a manuscript of the Hebrew Bible produced around AD 930 by Jewish scribes called the Masoretes. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. a real-life National Treasure that reads like fantastical fiction.”, “Friedman’s clear writing and dogged pursuit of some otherwise overlooked assumptions read more like a detective novel than history… an important account in accessible, gripping prose.”, “…[A] thrilling, step-by-step quest to discover what really happened to Judaism’s most important book.”, “Three cheers for Matti Friedman…who in his first book got his teeth into a terrific story and investigated and reported it as thoroughly as possible. It is the first new synagogue to be built in the city in hundreds of years. Jews protest in Damascus, and the news spreads throughout the world. What came next would be known as The Damascus Affair. Israeli spy Eli Cohen is arrested and hanged. Maimonides wrote about the Aleppo Codex in his authoritative Halakhic work, the Mishneh Torah (the Laws of the Torah Scroll, ch. He then researched for two more years and published his book “The Mystery of the Aleppo Codex: In Pursuit of One of the World’s … The codex has long been considered to be the most authoritative document in the masorah (“transmission”), the tradition by which the Hebrew Scriptures have been preserved from generation to generation. Syria’s economy is in crisis anti-Semitism is on the rise. By the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. The Keter (Hebrew for Crown) sits in secure temperature-controlled cases on the lower level of the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum and holds a place of honor akin to the Dead Sea Scrolls. Shabbetai Sevi visits Aleppo, declaring that he is the messiah. Rabbi David, a direct descendent of the Rambam, travels to Aleppo with the Codex. A thousand years ago, the most perfect copy of the Hebrew Bible was written. President Assad allows 2,800 Jews to leave on tourist visas without assets. He traced the origins of the text to the 70 AD Roman destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, which resulted in Jews being exiled throughout the world. The codex was written in the 10th century A.D. These include Aram Soba and Halab. The State of Israel is declared, and Arab nations attack; Jews flee Syria. Cancel your appointments, bury your cell phone — you won’t want to be interrupted – and read this book.”, —Gershom Gorenberg The Aleppo Codex - Matti Friedman audio book torrent free download, 137621. The Masoretes were Jewish rabbis who made it their special work to correct the faults that had crept into the text of the Old Testament during the Babylonian captivity and to prevent any future alterations. Epic in its sweep, The Aleppo Codex features a fascinating cast of characters—all of whom claim the codex as their own. . The backlash against Jews in Lebanon begins to grow. Matti's first book, The Aleppo Codex won the 2014 Sami Rohr Prize, the ALA's Sophie Brody Medal, and the Canadian Jewish Book Award for history and was translated into seven languages. Jerusalem falls to Muslim armies, and some legal protections are granted to followers of other monotheistic religions. Rabbi Yishak Dayan leaves Aleppo, ending the Dayan family’s dynasty. Sign up for history bites, monthly updates,  and news about upcoming events at the Sephardic Heritage Museum. King David gives Yoab ben Seruya the city of Aram Soba (Aleppo) as a present after their successful conquest of the city. In the process, he’s become the latest in the long line of the Crown’s protectors.”, “Friedman gives a masterful account of a major religious document . A rescue campaign for the remaining Syrian Jews is initiated by Canadian Judy Feld Carr. Where Did The “Yehovah” Pronunciation Come From? Twenty pages at the end of the Aleppo Codex, with the Masoretic annotations. Father Tomaso goes missing, and Christians blame the Jews. When copying and translating an ancient text, the more and older the manuscripts there are to reference, the better. . 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